Bernard, Claude

   Regarded as a founder of experimental medicine, Claude Bernard was born in Saint-Julien, Rhône. He received his early education in the humanities and only after 1834 enrolled in medical school. Bernard obtained a position at the collège de france, where he began his work in physiology. By the late 1840s, he had made several important discoveries in that field, including that of the role of the pancreas in digestion and of the liver in glucose transformation. He also explored the functions of the nervous system, discovering the purpose of the vasometer nerves that regulate the blood supply. He made other contributions to experimental physiology and was the first to propose the concept that came to be known as homeostasis. In 1854, he was given the newly created chair of physiology at the sorbonne and that same year was named to the Academy of Sciences. Considered a prominent scientist during his lifetime, Bernard, upon his death, was the first scientist in France to be given a public funeral. His writings include Introduction à l'étude de la médecine expérimentale (1865) and La Science expérimentale (1876). He was named to the Académie Française in 1868. Although considered important in his era, Bernard's methodology in particular is now considered dated.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Bernard, Claude — Médico francés nacido en 1813. Es considerado el fundador de la medicina experimental y a lo largo de su carrera demostró la participación del páncreas en la digestión de los lípidos y la función glicogénica del hígado, introduciendo el concepto… …   Diccionario médico

  • BERNARD Claude — (1813 1878) (retrato) [véase]: Médico y fisiólogo fránces del siglo XIX célebre por sus estudios sobre el metabolismo de la glucosa biografía [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • Bernard, Claude — • French ecclesiastic (1588 1641) • French physiologist (1813 1878) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bernard, Claude — born July 12, 1813, Saint Julien, France died Feb. 10, 1878, Paris French physiologist. He taught at several major French institutions and was named a senator in 1869. He discovered the role of the pancreas in digestion, the glycogenic function… …   Universalium

  • Bernard , Claude — (1813–1878) French physiologist Bernard, the son of a poor wine grower from St. Julien, began writing plays to earn money but turned to medicine on the advice of a literary critic. His first experiences of medicine were discouraging but,… …   Scientists

  • Bernard,Claude — Ber·nard (bĕr närʹ), Claude. 1813 1878. French physiologist noted for his study of the digestive and nervous systems. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bernard, Claude — ► (1813 78) Médico y fisiólogo francés, creador de los modernos métodos de la fisiología de laboratorio. Se le considera el fundador de la medicina experimental y de la fisiología moderna. Demostró la acción del jugo pancreático en la digestión… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernard, Claude — (France)    Watercolorist.    Reproductions: [Man using his penis as a golf club]; ink; Kronhausen, 1973: p. 41 [B]. [Nude women whipped before a group of nuns]; 1870; watercolor; Hill, 1996: p. 39 …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • BERNARD, CLAUDE —    a distinguished French physiologist, born at St. Julien; he studied at Paris; was Majendie s assistant and successor in the College of France; discovered that the function of the pancreas is the digestion of ingested fats, that of the liver… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bernard Claude Panet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Panet. Bernard Claude Panet Mgr Bernard Claude Panet (1753 1833) fut archevêque de …   Wikipédia en Français

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